EXPLINATION OF COMMON DOG DISEASES

 

We at Diosa Kennels are absolutely adamant  that our puppies maintain an appropriate schedule of vaccinations. Many of you ask what the puppy vaccinations consist of.  The following is a list we found to help understand what we give and what other shots are available for your puppies specific needs based on lifestyle.

 

DHLPPC:       

This is a combo vaccination that covers numerous diseases with one injection. What do all those letters stand for?

 

D = Distemper:
Distemper is a nasty virus that is highly contagious, occurs worldwide, and at one time was the leading cause of death in puppies. Young puppies are more succeptible to the virus than adult dogs. You may see signs of an upper respiratory infection with high fever. The dog may also have neurological signs. This disease is often fatal.

H = Hepatitis or Adenovirus-2:                                    
This is spread by contact with the urine and feces of infected animals. The virus causes liver and kidney damage. Animals that survive may have chronic illness. Symptoms include, but are not limited to: fever, lethargy, anorexia, abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea.

L = Leptospirosis:                                        
This disease affects the liver and kidneys and is deadly. Animals with this disease are contagious to other animals and humans. A positive dog should be isolated and the caregiver should wear protective clothing and gloves. The disease is spread through contact with urine of affected animals. Dogs with leptospirosis may show signs of lethargy, dehydration, jaundice and fever.

P = Parainfluenza:                                        
This is a virus that causes upper respiratory infection. Dogs usually contract the disease through contact with nasal secretions of infected dogs.

P = Parvovirus                                            
This virus attacks the intestinal tract and causes severe vomiting and diarrhea. Parvo is highly contagious. Dogs contract the virus through contact with the stools of an infected animal. Parvovirus can live in an unsuspecting spot for up to 3 years. Without treatment dogs become dehydrated and weak and often die. Even with treatment, the survival rate is relatively low. This virus is very common in puppies who are not properly vaccinated.

C = Corona Virus 

This virus attacks the intestinal system similar to parvovirus. Infected dogs suffer from vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration. Keep your pet vaccinated and your yard clean.
It is important to note that even if you think you will never take your dog somewhere where they can be infected by any of these, birds land in yards. They could have landed in a yard with any of these viruses and then transport it to your yard, or on a sidewalk. You yourself could somehow bring it home on your shoes. Better safe than sorry. Some of these are devastating and none of them are fun for your puppy. The cost of vaccination pales in comparison of the cost of treating one of these viruses at the vet as they should be.

 

Diosa Kennels breeds quality Miniature Australian Shepherds and Miniature Schnauzers.

 

Bordetella:

This is an upper respiratory infection also known as kennel cough. This infection is usually not fatal but it is a pain to get rid of. The infection can spread quickly through boarding and grooming facilities or any place dogs congregate.  The vaccination can be in the form of a nasal spray or injection. The injection form will need a booster in a month Your veterinarian can help you decide if this vaccination is necessary for your dog.

 

Lyme Disease:

This is a tick borne illness. If you live in a wooded area, hike, camp or fish with your dog  and have a large number of positive Lyme disease cases in your area you should consider this vaccine for your dogs. The deer tick must stay attached to your dog for one to two days in order to transmit the illness, so checking your dog daily for ticks will help prevent Lyme disease along with using a good tick preventative like Frontline or Comfortis.

 

Giardia:

Giardia is a parasite  that lives in the intestines and can be passed into the environment through the stools of infected animals. Dogs become infected with giardia by drinking contaminated water. Humans can also be infected. At risk dogs would be those who live primarily outdoors, hunting dogs or dogs who may come in contact with ponds or creeks. If you feel your pet is at risk then talk to your veterinarian about vaccinating against giardia. This vaccine needs to be boosted 3 weeks after the initial dose and then annually.

 

Rabies:

Rabies is a virus that affects the nervous system and is always fatal. There is no known cure for rabies; to confirm a case, the brain tissue must be examined. In the United States raccoons, skunks, bats, foxes and coyotes are the main wild animal hosts for the illness. Symptoms generally include behaviour change, difficulty swallowing, hypersalivation, depression - stupor, and hind limb paralysis.
The disease is spread through the saliva of infected animals and can be transmitted through a bite or an open wound. Humans can also contract rabies from infected animals. Vaccinated pets who are exposed to rabies should be re-vaccinated and observed for 90 days. Unvaccinated pets exposed to rabies should be euthanized or kept isolated for 6 months. Keep all pets current on their rabies vaccination.

 

Diosa Kennels, breeder of quality Miniature Schnauzers and Miniature Australian Shepherds.